There are many reasons why you may want to go for surgery in addition to orthodontic treatment. In this article, we will first go back to the main reasons that can push a patient to opt for surgery, then we will go into detail about the course of treatment with surgery. Finally, we will present talk about the risks associated with the most common treatments.
Maxillo-facial surgery and orthodontics: in which cases?
There are several motivations behind the surgery in parallel with orthodontic treatment:
- If the imbalance is too great to be corrected by orthodontic treatment alone, when the growth of the jaw is complete
- For a correction of a receding lower jaw (mandibular retrognathia): one of the most common cases
- For the correction of the upper or lower jaws when they are: too advanced, too far back, too wide, too narrow. Or a combination of these problems.
The orthodontist and the maxillofacial surgeon work as a team to develop a treatment plan to resolve these imbalances. The duration of treatment and its modalities vary according to each patient. Jaw surgery and orthodontic treatment is very common in adults.
The benefits of surgical correction
Surgical corrections make the jaws more functional; they improve:
- Dental health,
- And the appearance of the face.
How it works?
Orthodontic treatments combined with surgery are carried out in several successive stages. Their duration may vary depending on the type of treatment undertaken.
1st stage: orthodontic preparation
The first step is orthodontic preparation. An orthodontic appliance is used to align the teeth and prepare the dentition for surgery. This step can take from 6 to 18 months.
2nd stage: surgical phase
The second step, or surgical phase, is performed by a maxillofacial surgeon. It aims to correct the position of the jaws once the teeth are aligned. Orthodontics and surgery: in case of excessive imbalance between the jaws
3rd step: orthodontic finishing
After the operation, the third stage or phase of orthodontic finishing, aims to complete dental corrections to improve occlusion and ensure the stability of the jaws. This stage lasts a few months. From the start of the treatment, you will be in contact with the orthodontist but also with the maxillofacial surgeon, who will both work in pairs on your treatment plan. On this topic, do not hesitate to read our article Orthodontics and surgery: concrete case in an adult patient.
What are the risks?
These procedures are performed by experienced surgeons: they have been performed for several years and are now considered to be routine surgeries. During your meeting with the maxillofacial surgeon, he will explain in detail:
- The planned intervention,
- Its risks and benefits,
- And he will of course answer all your questions about the operation.